Ecosystem-based management - a tool for decision support
Where policies are developed to reduce the impact of environmental pollution, there is often a need for decision support tools. The tools contribute to an overall picture of the negative effects resulting from different types of pollution, and provide suggestions as to the most appropriate (cost-effective) way to avoid these effects.
At the same time there is a need to integrate models from natural and social sciences so that they provide the best possible benefits to sector-based management.
The results of these integrated models can often be used by national authorities or in connection with international conventions to develop strategies or regulations.
One purpose is to communicate these results to national authorities and conventions and also assist with specific advice relating to decisions dealing with health and the environment.
NILU’s research in this area is focused on:
- Development of decision support tools for policies with regard to air pollution and effects on health and the environment that integrate results from different research areas (emissions, exposure and atmospheric effects)
- Development of ecosystem-based management procedures with the aim to integrate scientific and economic models for the best possible benefit of sector-based management
- Contribution to the sustainable consumption of natural resources on a regional or global scale and development of methods for material flow analysis
- Clarification of the consequences of environmental and atmospheric changes on ecosystems and society
- Development of a philosophical and theoretical basis for ecosystem-based management, including its association with international environmental legislation.