Predicting Future Condition and Conservation Costs from Modelling Improvements to the Indoor Environment: The Monumental Munch-Paintings in the University of Oslo’s Aula Assembly Hall
Sammendrag: The aim of this work was to assess how improvements to the indoor environment could affect the future condition, frequency and costs of major conservation-cleaning campaigns on the monumental paintings (1909–1916) by Edvard Munch, centrally located in the Aula assembly hall of the University of Oslo. A lower soiling rate is expected to reduce the need for frequent and major cleaning campaigns. Estimations were performed using the freely available NILU-EnvCul web-model. The conservation of these large, mostly unvarnished, oil paintings is challenging, and it is important to understand the potential benefits of preventive conservation measures. The results from the model suggested benefits from preventive conservation in protecting the paintings, and as a cost-efficient strategy to reduce the soiling and cleaning frequency. The model results indicated that an improvement in the indoor air quality in the Aula, of 50–80% as compared to the 1916–2009 average, would increase the time until the next similar major conservation cleaning campaign from approximately 45 years to between about 85 and 165 years. This should give a 45–70% reduction in the respective conservation costs. This saving was probably initiated by improvements in the recent past, before the last Aula campaign in 2009–11.