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Fant 8642 publikasjoner. Viser side 341 av 346:


A novel use of the leukocyte coping capacity assay to assess the immunomodulatory effects of organohalogenated contaminants in avian wildlife

Hansen, Elisabeth; Huber, Nikolaus; Bustnes, Jan Ove; Herzke, Dorte; Bårdsen, Bård-Jørgen; Eulaers, Igor; Johnsen, Trond Vidar; Bourgeon, Sophie

Apex predators are characterized by high levels of biomagnifying organohalogenated contaminants (OHCs) which have been found to induce detrimental health effects in wildlife, such as immune system impairment. The leukocyte coping capacity (LCC) assay is a functional real-time measure of an innate immune response essential in pathogen resistance, known as the respiratory burst. The current study suggests the novel use of this tool to test whether OHCs impair the innate immune system of a sentinel top predator, the white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla; WTE). The LCC analysis was performed in the field on WTE nestlings (n = 84) from northern Norway over two breeding seasons. Poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) dominated the total OHC load, surpassing the levels of legacy organochlorines. In addition, we detected significant negative correlations between concentrations of all polychlorinated biphenyls, p,p′-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene, perfluorohexane sulfonic acid and long-chain perfluorocarboxylic acids and the LCC of WTE nestlings. Based on our current findings reflecting a potential negative effect of both emerging and legacy OHCs on innate immune capacity, we suggest LCC to be a relevant and accessible test expanding the ecotoxicological toolbox to assess sub-lethal effects of OHCs in apex avian wildlife.



A novel bottom-up global ship emission inventory for conventional and alternative fuels in a well-to-wake approach

Kramel, Diogo; Muri, Helene; Strømman, Anders Hammer; Kim, YoungRong; Lonka, Radek; Nielsen, Jørgen Bremnes; Ringvold, Anna; Bouman, Evert Alwin; Steen, Sverre


A novel approach to screen and compare emission inventories.

Thunis, P.; Degraeuwe, B.; Cuvelier, K.; Guevara, M.; Tarrasón, L.; Clappier, A.


A new software tool for the analysis of high resolution PTR-TOF mass spectra. NILU F

Müller, M.; Jud, W.; Mikoviny, T.; D'Anna, B.; Wisthaler, A.


A new software tool for the analysis of high resolution PTR-TOF mass spectra.

Müller, M.; Jud, W.; Mikoviny, T.; D'Anna, B.; Wisthaler, A.


A new natural hazards data-base for volcanic ash and SO2 from global satellite remote sensing measurements. NILU PP

Stebel, K.; Prata, F.; Theys, N.; Tampellini, L, Kamstra, M.; Zehner, C.


A new multichannel, moderate bandwidth filter instruments for UV and visible irradiance measurements: characteristics and performance. Poster presentation. NILU F

Høiskar, B.A.K.; Kylling, A.; Edvardsen, K.; Dahlback, A.; Blumthaler, M.; Danielsen, T.; Haugen, R.


A new methodology to assess the performance and uncertainty of source apportionment models II: the results of two European intercomparison exercises.

Belis, C.A.; Karagulian, F.; Amato, F.; Almeida, M.; Artaxo, P.; Beddows, D.C.S.; Bernardoni, V.; Bove, M.C.; Carbone, S.; Cesari, D.; Contini, D.; Cuccia, E.; Diapouli, E.; Eleftheriadis, K.; Favez, O.; El Haddad, I.; Harrison, R.M.; Hellebust, S.; Hovorka, J.; Jang, E.; Jorquera, H.; Kammermeier, T.; Karl, M.; Lucarelli, F.; Mooibroek, D.; Nava, S.; Nøjgaard, J.K.; Paatero, P.; Pandolfi, M.; Perrone, M.G.; Petit, J.E.; Pietrodangelo, A.; Pokorná, P.; Prati, P.; Prevot, A.S.H.; Quass, U.; Querol, X.; Saraga, D, Sciare, J.; Sfetsos, A.; Valli, G.; Vecchi, R.; Vestenius, M.; Yubero, E.; Hopke, P.K.,.


A new measure of BRDF, banking on UAS measurements. NILU F

Burkhart, J.F.; Bogren, W.S.; Storvold, R.; Pedersen, C.A.; Gerland, S.; Vauuav Science Team.


A new global shipping air pollution and GHG emission inventory using the bottom-up, well-to-wake MariTEAM model

Muri, Helene; Kramel, Diogo; Kim, YoungRong; Lonka, Radek; Nielsen, Jørgen Bremnes; Ringvold, Anna; Bouman, Evert Alwin; Steen, Sverre; Strømman, Anders Hammer


A new estimation of the recent tropospheric molecular hydrogen budget using atmospheric observations and variational inversion.

Yver, C. E.; Pison, I. C.; Fortems-Cheiney, A.; Schmidt, M.; Chevallier, F.; Ramonet, M.; Jordan, A.; Søvde, O. A.; Engel, A.; Fisher, R. E.; Lowry, D.; Nisbet, E. G.; Levin, I.; Hammer, S.; Necki, J.; Bartyzel, J.; Reimann, S.; Vollmer, M. K.; Steinbacher, M.; Aalto, T.; Maione, M.; Arduini, J.; O'Doherty, S.; Grant, A.; Sturges, W. T.; Forster, G. L.; Lunder, C. R.; Privalov, V.; Paramonova, N.; Werner, A.; Bousquet, P.


A new emission inventory of the global maritime fleet; the effect of weather

Muri, Helene; Strømman, Anders Hammer; Ringvold, Anna; Lonka, Radek; Lindstad, Elizabeth; Bouman, Evert


A new chemical Lagrangian model of the stratosphere (CLaMS): Part 1 Formulation of advection and mixing.

McKenna, D.S.; Konopka, P.; Grooss, J.U.; Gunther, G.; Muller, R.; Spang, R.; Offermann, D.; Orsolini, Y.


A new aerosol wet removal scheme for the Lagrangian particle model FLEXPART v10.

Grythe, H.; Kristiansen, N. I.; Groot Zwaaftink, C. D.; Eckhardt, S.; Ström, J.; Tunved, P.; Krejci, R.; Stohl, A.


A network of low-cost air quality sensors and its use for mapping urban air quality

Schneider, Philipp; Castell, Nuria; Dauge, Franck Rene; Vogt, Matthias; Lahoz, William A.; Bartonova, Alena